This year I learned about freedom of expression, the main difference between us and uk politics and about what fundamentalism is.
Freedom of expression is a fundamental human right that allows individuals to freely express their thoughts, ideas, and opinions without fear of persecution or punishment. It is protected by international human rights laws, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
Freedom of expression is essential for the functioning of a healthy democracy, as it allows individuals to participate in public discourse and hold those in power accountable. It also allows for the exchange of ideas and the free flow of information, which is essential for the advancement of knowledge and the betterment of society.
I also learned that there are several key differences between the government of the United Kingdom (UK) and the government of the United States (US).
One of the main differences is the system of government. The UK has a parliamentary system, in which the government is formed by the political party that holds a majority of seats in the Parliament. The leader of this party becomes the Prime Minister and is responsible for leading the government. In contrast, the US has a presidential system, in which the President is both the head of state and the head of government. The President is elected by the people and serves a fixed term in office.
Another difference is the structure of the legislature. The UK has a bicameral Parliament, consisting of the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The House of Commons is the lower house and is elected by the people, while the House of Lords is the upper house and consists of appointed members. In the US, the legislature is a unicameral body called Congress, which is made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Both the Senate and the House of Representatives are elected by the people.
I also learned what fundamentalism is!
Fundamentalism is a term used to describe a strict adherence to certain fundamental beliefs, often based on a literal interpretation of religious texts. Fundamentalism can be found in various religions, including Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Hinduism.
Fundamentalists tend to have a narrow and rigid view of their religion and may reject modern or progressive interpretations of their faith. They often seek to return to a more traditional or conservative form of their religion and may reject the influence of secular society.
Fundamentalism can also be seen in non-religious contexts, such as political ideologies or social movements. In these cases, fundamentalists may advocate for a strict adherence to certain principles or ideologies and may reject any deviation from these beliefs.